Tuesday, March 11, 2014

Introduction and index of the Triqui Culture

Along the course of the Spring 2014 semester at ESU i will be studying the triqui people and their culture. I am very excited to start exploring and knowing more about this culture. I will hope to broaden my horizens by studying a culture and people i never knew existed. Every week I will be covering different subjects and topics. Stay with me on this amazing journey!


Friday, February 14, 2014

History of the Triqui People

The Triqui are a group of indigenous people that live in the Mexican state of Oaxaca and the mountainous region to the west.  The people in Oaxaca had an official "free municipality" status in 1826. For over 100 years they enjoyed their peaceful existence until 1948. The PRI (Institutional Revolutionary Party) seized power from the Triqui people and held it ever since.

Things changed in 2007 when the Triqui people declared their autonomy from the state government. Their announcement came after a long 2 month deliberation among themselves to elect their own form a government and the Council Of Elders. Since declaring their autonomy, the Mexican government has maintained a policy of disrespect and destruction of Triqui people. 

This mistreatment cause the people to endure  months of sexual assaults, assassinations, and a lack of access to food, water, medical services and international aid. The Triqui People have not given up their dream to live on their ancestral land as free people. 


Thursday, February 13, 2014

Mexteca: Homeland of the Triqui people

The Triqui are an indigenous people of the western part of the Mexican state of Oaxaca. They number around 23,000 and live in a mountainous region, called "La Mixteca Baja." The area they live in is known as the Mexteca, the South Central part of Mexico.


They live in a mountainous area that is separated in three main regions: the high region of San Andrés de Chicahuaxtla, the middle region of San Martín Itunyoso and the bottom region of Copala. 

Copala is the closest to sea level and is considered the hot zone. It has numerous rivers and has different plantations. 

Itunyoso is the forest area the is above Copala and it is also considered the warm area. 
Chicahuaxtla is the highest area in elevation and is considered the cold zone of the mountain.

This diverse landscape has helped to nourish and support a rich indigenous heritage that is evident from the moment you arrive. 


Wednesday, February 12, 2014

World of Triqui Mexico

The Triqui cultural people are poor individuals who survive by working hard and supporting each other. Their peasant society depends on agricultural duties, the harvesting of the land, the use of instruments, the care of the animals, and the gathering of wood for the well being of everyone in the family. The man will be in charge of the farming and maintaining the lands while the woman helps out by basket weaving and making clothes. The system works well because the different crops and clothes made are taken to the nearest city to be sold or traded for supplies and necessities.

The men tend to their two main cash crops which are coffee and bananas. The bananas are packed into crates and marketed in nearby towns, while the coffee is sold to middlemen in those towns also. The government has put in policies to ensure the people received fair prices for their coffee.


Tuesday, February 11, 2014

Birds of the Triqui Culture

Many different species of birds live in the region. This is because of the mountains area and the various wooded area makes good homes for the birds. A couple note worthy birds to mention are:

  • Bumblebee hummingbird
  • Lesser Roadrunner
  • Red Warbler
  • Colima Pygmy-Owl
  • Orange-breasted Bunting
  • Tufted Jay
  • Golden-Vireo

Triqui Cosmos

The sense of cultural inferiority is shown in their myths. The myths are told as a explanation for their poverty and low social status. One story explains that thunder god and his wife had many difficulties with their crops and they could not succeed in producing crops and it was a bad time for the people. Another story describes two ancestors of Copala had a falling out and one was band from the town so he put a curse on the town and people which is why the Triqui people are poor to this day.

The religion of Triqui people is based around this legend. As the legend goes two feathered serpents would watch over the village. Worship day is the 25th of April, there is a ceremony to ask for good harvest and rain. The ceremony is held inside large caves. The whole community participates in the gathering with drinking and fellowship. A priest kills a black rooster and paints the blood inside the cave.
"La Sagrada Del Monte"
There are said to be evil gods that hide in the woods looking for people to trick or deceive, mostly hunters.The gods have sent a blonde haired woman who wears dirty clothing and has bird shaped feet. She is a very attractive woman which the men can not resist. The locals have made a song about this woman in the woods and it is known not to sing the song in the woods because they could appear.


Monday, February 10, 2014

Triqui Basketball Team

Shoeless triqui kids win international basketball tournament in Argentina. Playing shoe-less was not a choice for these young kids. They are part of the one of the poorest indigenous communities in the entire country. The children represented Mexico in the International Festival of minibasketball in Argentina. The team won 6 games which earned them the right to be called champions.
The city in which the event was played was so moved by the effort of the kids even without shoes that they got money together and donated shoes to the children. The coach also mentioned that basketball is a motivator to get the children to study. If they children do not maintain a certain grade level then they are not allowed to play with the others.